【科普】PLoS ONE ：日用iPS细胞培育出色素细胞
色素细胞存在于人体皮肤等处，能够制造黑色素，防止人体遭受紫外线伤害。色素细胞如果出现癌变，就会患上恶性黑色素瘤等，而出现皮肤变白症状的白癜风和白化病以及白发等均被认为是色素细胞减少造成的。研究小组认为，新成果将有助于弄清上述疾病的致病原因，并且在制药和制作人造皮肤等再生医疗中得到应用。 PLoS ONE 6(1): e16182. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016182
Generation of Human Melanocytes from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Shigeki Ohta1#, Yoichi Imaizumi2#, Yohei Okada2,3, Wado Akamatsu2, Reiko Kuwahara1, Manabu Ohyama4, Masayuki Amagai4, Yumi Matsuzaki2, Shinya Yamanaka5,6, Hideyuki Okano2?*, Yutaka Kawakami1?*
1 Division of Cellular Signaling, Institute for Advanced Medical Research, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, 2 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, 3 Kanrinmaru Project, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, 4 Department of Dermatology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, 5 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, 6 Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Epidermal melanocytes play an important role in protecting the skin from UV rays, and their functional impairment results in pigment disorders. Additionally, melanomas are considered to arise from mutations that accumulate in melanocyte stem cells. The mechanisms underlying melanocyte differentiation and the defining characteristics of melanocyte stem cells in humans are, however, largely unknown. In the present study, we set out to generate melanocytes from human iPS cells in vitro, leading to a preliminary investigation of the mechanisms of human melanocyte differentiation. We generated iPS cell lines from human dermal fibroblasts using the Yamanaka factors (SOX2, OCT3/4, and KLF4, with or without c-MYC). These iPS cell lines were subsequently used to form embryoid bodies (EBs) and then differentiated into melanocytes via culture supplementation with Wnt3a, SCF, and ET-3. Seven weeks after inducing differentiation, pigmented cells expressing melanocyte markers such as MITF, tyrosinase, SILV, and TYRP1, were detected. Melanosomes were identified in these pigmented cells by electron microscopy, and global gene expression profiling of the pigmented cells showed a high similarity to that of human primary foreskin-derived melanocytes, suggesting the successful generation of melanocytes from iPS cells. This in vitro differentiation system should prove useful for understanding human melanocyte biology and revealing the mechanism of various pigment cell disorders, including melanoma.
中国土木工程学会秘书长张雁专访: 工程建设的精髓是什么文件类型:PDF/Adobe Acrobat- 文字版来源:科学时报 日本农林水产省的畜产草地研究所日前公布调查结果说,用体细胞克隆技术... 网络版上报告了这一研究成果. (《公共科学图书馆·综合》(PLoS ONE),doi:10.1371/...lib.cjlu.edu.cn/...JCK0802.pdf-2011-01-06-[标签:content2]
作者:admin@医学,生命科学 2011-01-18 00:05