Safety and Efficacy of Bivalirudin With and Without Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibitors in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Objectives: This study was designed to determine the impact of bivalirudin on 1-year outcomes in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Background: The ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategY) trial demonstrated that in moderate- and high-risk ACS patients undergoing PCI, bivalirudin alone compared to unfractionated heparin (UFH) or enoxaparin plus a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor resulted in less major bleeding and similar ischemic outcomes at 30 days. The impact of bivalirudin on 1-year outcomes in ACS patients undergoing PCI is unknown.
Methods: In the ACUITY trial, 13,819 patients were enrolled, and 7,789 (56.4%) patients had PCI. Composite ischemia (death, myocardial infarction, or unplanned revascularization) and mortality at 1 year were assessed.
Results: Among patients undergoing PCI, 2,561, 2,609, and 2,619 were randomized to UFH or enoxaparin plus a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor, bivalirudin plus a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor, and bivalirudin monotherapy, respectively. At 1 year, there were no differences in composite ischemia (17.8% vs. 19.4% vs. 19.2%, p = NS) or mortality (3.2% vs. 3.3% vs. 3.1%, p = NS) among the 3 groups, respectively.
Conclusions: Bivalirudin compared with UFH or enoxaparin plus a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor results in similar rates of composite ischemia and mortality at 1 year in moderate- and high-risk ACS patients undergoing PCI.
作者:admin@医学,生命科学 2011-10-19 17:49