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August 28, 2006
THE world's first vaccine to protect against cancer goes on sale in Australia from today as federal health experts continue to assess an application from its makers to include it in the free national immunisation program for all girls.
The inventor of the cervical cancer vaccine, Australian of the Year Ian Frazer, was due to attend launches today in Sydney and later Brisbane. He is expected to be honoured by the Beattie Government before injecting some of the first patients with the vaccine, called Gardasil. A third launch will be held in Melbourne later today.
The vaccine will be available from pharmacies with a doctor's prescription. Pending a decision on government subsidies, patients will have to pay the full cost -- which, depending on the size of wholesale and pharmacy mark-ups, is likely to be between $150 and $155 for each of the three doses required, or $460 for the three-dose course.
If the Government's Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee approves an application by the vaccine's makers to provide Gardasil free to schoolgirls, a nationwide immunisation program could be launched in February 2008.
Professor Frazer became a national celebrity last year after trials published in The Lancet Oncology showed Gardasil attained a 100 per cent success rate in protecting young women against lesions and cervical warts caused by four strains of the human papillomavirus, or HPV.
Cancer experts have welcomed Gardasil's launch but warned women it did not mean the end of pap smears, the traditional screening test to pick up signs of cervical cancer.
Stella Healey, a physician at the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, said although Gardasil was effective against the four types -- two of which were particularly associated with cancer-causing genital lesions -- there were plenty of other strains that it did not protect against. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,20270860-23289,00.html
在校女生可能会得到免费癌症疫苗Cancer vaccine may be free for schoolgirls
August 28, 2006
今天全世界第一例癌症疫苗在澳大利亚上市, 同时联邦健康专家正审理它的制造商把它包括到全国免费防疫工程中的申请, 以便全国女生都可以从中受惠.
疫苗的发明者,今年澳大利亚年度人物, Ian Frazer今天参加了先在悉尼后在布里斯班举办的上市仪式. 在第一批病人接受疫苗之前,Beattie政府会表彰Ian. 这个名叫Gardasil的疫苗将会于今天稍晚一些在墨尔本上市.
现在这种疫苗凭医生处方可以从药店购买. 迄今在没有政府津贴的情况下,病人大约要付—根据药店大小—每剂150~ 155(美)元, 一共需要三剂, 总共需要460元.
发表在The Lancet Oncology 上的初步研究表明Gardasil在保护青年女性免得子宫颈因病毒HPV(human papillomavirus)的四种变体引起的损伤及肿瘤方面获得了100% 的成功率, 这使得Frazer教授成为全国名人.
墨尔本性健康中心的一位医生Stella Healey说,尽管Gardasil对四种变体非常有效—尤其是其中两种与可能致癌的生殖器损伤相关—它对其它很多种变体并没有保护作用. The Lancet Oncology：《柳叶刀肿瘤学》。为肿瘤学国际专业杂志，刊登临床向导和基础研究方面的论文，报道该领域最新发展动态、肿瘤学新书评论以及相关网站信息，为有争议问题提供讨论空间。
Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee ：药品福利顾问委员会。 晓得啦，多谢指教 [标签:content1][标签:content2]
作者:admin@医学,生命科学 2011-01-19 05:14