¡¾Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology¡¿·Ê
Adipose Macrophage Infiltration Is Associated With Insulin Resistance and Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction in Obese Subjects
Caroline M. Apovian; Sherman Bigornia; Melanie Mott; Melissa R. Meyers; Jagadish Ulloor; Manana Gagua; Marie McDonnell; Donald Hess; Lija Joseph; Noyan Gokce
From the Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute (C.M.A., S.B., M.M., M.R.M., J.U., M.G., M.M., N.G.), Boston University School of Medicine, Mass; the Department of Surgery (D.H.), Boston Medical Center, Mass; and the Department of Pathology (L.J.), Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass.
Correspondence to Noyan Gokce, MD, Boston Medical Center, 88 East Newton St, D-8, Cardiology, Boston, MA 02118. E-mail Noyan.Gokce@bmc.org
Objective¡ª Experimental studies suggest that adipose inflammation is etiologically linked to obesity-induced systemic disease. Our goal was to characterize the state of inflammation in human fat in relation to vascular function and metabolic parameters in obese individuals.
Methods and Results¡ª We collected subcutaneous abdominal fat in 77 obese subjects (BMI 30 kg/m2) and quantified adipose macrophage population using targeted immunohistochemistry. Brachial artery vasodilator function was examined using high-resolution vascular ultrasound. In 50 subjects, an inflamed adipose phenotype characterized by tissue macrophage accumulation in crown-like structures was associated with systemic hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR 5.5¡À4.5 versus 2.6¡À1.9, P=0.002) and impaired endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilation (8.5¡À4.4% versus 10.8¡À3.8%, P<0.05), as compared to subjects with quiescent noninflamed adipose architecture (n=27). Macrophage retention in fat was linked to upregulated tissue CD68 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- mRNA expression in addition to increased plasma hs-CRP.
Conclusions¡ª In a cohort of obese subjects, we demonstrate that proinflammatory changes in adipose tissue are associated with systemic arterial dysfunction and insulin resistance. These findings suggest that adipose inflammation may be linked to vascular injury and increased cardiovascular risk in obese subjects.
Key Words: obesity • endothelium • inflammation • insulin • vasculature [标签:content1][标签:content2]
作者:admin@医学,生命科学 2011-01-15 17:14